Hammer Vs Impact Drill: Know The Differences

Hammer vs Impact drill know the differences

In the world of power tools, versatility, and efficiency are paramount, especially when faced with diverse construction or renovation projects.

Two indispensable tools that often find their place in workshops and job sites are the hammer drill and the impact drill.

If you don’t know which one between hammer vs impact drill (driver) is suitable for you, read further.

Hammer drills are renowned for their ability to bore through tough materials like concrete, brick, or masonry, thanks to their specialized hammering mechanism. On the other hand, impact drills are prized for their prowess in driving screws and fasteners with precision and efficiency.

In this comparison, I’ll explore the key differences between hammer drills and impact drills.

Hammer VS Impact Drill Main Differences With Compare Table:

Learn the main disparities between hammer and impact drills through a concise comparative table.

FeatureHammer DrillImpact Drill
PurposeDrilling into hard materials like concrete, brick, or masonry.Driving screws and fasteners into various surfaces.
ActionHammering mechanism with rapid back-and-forth movements.Rotational force combined with concussive blows.
ApplicationsInstalling anchors, drilling holes in masonry.Assembling furniture, installing cabinets.
Torque and SpeedHigh torque, lower speed.High-speed rotational force.
Size and WeightBulkier, heavier.More compact, lightweight.
Chuck TypeKeyless or keyed chuck for cylindrical drill bits.Quick-release hexagonal chuck for screwdriver bits.
VersatilityPrimarily drilling, limited screw-driving capability.Versatile screw-driving functionality.
CostGenerally higher.Typically more affordable.

Consultation Between Hammer VS Impact Drill With Features:

Navigating between a hammer drill and an impact drill involves understanding their distinct features and applications. Let’s explore their capabilities to determine which tool suits your project needs best.

hammer vs impact drill
  • Functionality:

A hammer drill is primarily designed for drilling into hard materials such as concrete, stone, brick, or masonry. It utilizes a hammering action and rotational motion to effectively break through tough surfaces.

An impact drill (driver), also known as an impact driver, is intended for driving screws, bolts, or nuts. It applies rotational force along with concussive blows to provide high torque for driving screws efficiently.

  • Drilling VS Driving:

A hammer is used for drilling holes in hard surfaces. The hammering action helps break through tough materials like concrete or brick.

Impact Drill is primarily used for driving screws, bolts, or nuts into various materials. It provides high torque and prevents cam-out, which is when the screwdriver bit slips out of the screw head.

  • Mechanism:

Hammer Drill features a hammering mechanism that delivers rapid, short blows in addition to the rotational motion of the drill bit. This hammering action helps in drilling into hard materials effectively.

Impact Drill utilizes a mechanism that imparts rotational force and concussive blows. These impacts help drive screws with higher torque and prevent stripping or damaging the screw heads.

  • Applications:

Hammer Drill is ideal for tasks such as installing anchors, drilling holes for pipes or wires in masonry, or any job that requires drilling into hard surfaces like concrete, brick, or stone.

Impact Drill is well-suited for tasks such as assembling furniture, installing cabinets, driving screws into wood, metal, or plastic, or any project involving driving fasteners efficiently.

  • Versatility:

Hammer drills specialize in tasks like drilling holes into concrete for anchoring heavy fixtures, such as shelves or curtain rods. Conversely, impact drills are perfect for assembling furniture, swiftly driving screws into wood or metal without stripping or damaging the material.

This clear distinction in applications showcases their versatility, as each excels in its designated role, ensuring efficient completion of tasks like mounting a TV or building a deck.

  • Purpose:

Hammer drills are purpose-built for drilling into tough materials like concrete or masonry, ideal for tasks such as installing wall anchors for shelving. Impact drills, on the other hand, excel at driving screws with precision and power, making them perfect for assembling furniture like bed frames or cabinets. Each tool’s distinct purpose ensures efficient completion of specific tasks.

  • Torque and speed:

Hammer Drill typically provides higher torque and lower speed compared to impact drills. The focus is on delivering powerful impacts for effective drilling into tough surfaces.

Impact Drill emphasizes high-speed rotational force combined with impactful blows, which allows for efficient driving of screws and fasteners with less chance of stripping or camming out.

  • Chuck Type:

Hammer Drill is often equipped with a keyless or keyed chuck designed to securely hold cylindrical drill bits suitable for masonry drilling.

Impact Drill usually features a quick-release hexagonal chuck that accepts hex-shank screwdriver bits, allowing for rapid bit changes and compatibility with various screwdriver bit types.

  • Size and weight:

Hammer drills are often bulkier and heavier due to their specialized mechanism for drilling into hard materials like concrete or brick. This design provides stability and power but can be less maneuverable, especially in tight spaces.

Impact drills, being more compact and lightweight, offer greater agility and comfort, making them suitable for extended use and overhead tasks like installing shelves or cabinets.

  • Costs:

Hammer drills generally come at a higher cost compared to impact drills due to their specialized construction and capability for drilling into tough materials. The intricate hammering mechanism and durable build contribute to their higher price point.

Contrariwise, impact drills are generally more affordable, making them an attractive option for DIY enthusiasts and professionals alike seeking versatility without breaking the bank.

Related Questions

Can An Impact Drill Be Used As A Hammer?

Though an impact drill can deliver forceful blows, it lacks the specialized hammering mechanism of a dedicated hammer drill.

Attempting to use an impact drill as a hammer could damage the tool and compromise its functionality.

It’s essential to use tools for their intended purposes to ensure safety and optimal performance.

Can You Use A Hammer Drill For Screws?

Hammer drills are primarily designed for drilling into hard materials like concrete. However, some models can also function as regular drills or drivers, making them suitable for driving screws.

However, impact drills are generally more efficient and versatile for driving screws, offering better control and torque for precise fastening without damaging the screws or the material.


When considering whether to invest in a hammer drill or an impact drill, it’s crucial to assess the nature of your projects and the tasks at hand. opt for a hammer drill if you frequently work with hard materials like concrete, brick, or masonry.

Contrarily, if your projects primarily involve assembly, carpentry, or woodworking tasks that require driving screws and fasteners, an impact drill would be the preferred choice.

Masud Rana

This is Masud Rana. I run this blog. My Tools Guide is a blog where I share product reviews of different tools. Stay tuned to get more helpful articles!

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